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The Muslim musicians later settled in Leh. In the late 17th century, Ladakh sided with Bhutan in its dispute with Tibet which, among other reasons, resulted in its invasion by the Tibetan Central Government. [22][23][b], Rock carvings found in many parts of Ladakh indicate that the area has been inhabited from Neolithic times. The population is declining, however, and there are not more than 3000 individuals left in Ladakh. This is a major tourist attraction for tourists across the globe. [38][39][40][41][42][43] In the early 17th century efforts were made to restore the destroyed artefacts and gonpas by Sengge Namgyal, the son of Jamyang and Gyal. Before partition, Baltistan, now under Pakistani control, was a district in Ladakh. The town is situated at 3,500 metres above sea level in the Indus valley, nestled in the Indian Himalayas between Tibet to the east, Kashmir to the west and Himachal Pradesh to the south. The Hemis High Altitude National Park in central Ladakh is an especially good habitat for this predator as it has abundant prey populations. There was a heavy presence of Indian Army and Indo-Tibetan Border Police forces in Ladakh. Summers are short, though they are long enough to grow crops. The second son received Guge–Purang (called "Ngari Korsum") and the third son received Zanskar and Spiti (to the southwest of Ladakh). Ladakh is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and distinct culture. It was an important staging post on the routes of the trade caravans before 1947, being more or less equidistant, at about 230 kilometres from Srinagar, Leh, Skardu and Padum. The residents of the Dha-Hanu area, known as Brokpa, are predominately followers of Islam while small minorities follow Tibetan Buddhism and Hinduism[100] and most Brokpa have preserved much of their original Dardic traditions and customs. The airport is a political issue for the locals who argue that the airport should serve its original purpose, i.e., should open up for civilian flights. The Zanskar gets frozen during winter and the famous Chadar trek takes place on this magnificent frozen river. [119][120] Efforts are underway to preserve the intellectual property rights of amchi medicine for the people of Ladakh. 65% of children attend school, but absenteeism of both students and teachers remains high. Buddhism spread into western Ladakh from Kashmir in the 2nd century. Report submitted to the Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx Zoo, New York. A large group of Muslim servants and musicians were sent along with Gyal to Ladakh and private mosques were built where they could pray. [65] The Leh Nutrition Project, headed by Chewang Norphel, also known as the "Glacier Man", creates artificial glaciers as one solution for retreating glaciers. [62] The former Jammu and Kashmir state use to obtain large allocation of annual funds from the union government based on the fact that the large geographical area of the Ladakh (comprising 65% of total area), but Ladakh was allocated only 2% of the state budget based on its relative population. It prides itself on preserving Ladakhi tradition and culture.[123]. The Tibetan argali or Nyan is the largest wild sheep in the world, standing 1.1 to 1.2 metres (3.5 to 4 ft) at the shoulder with the horn measuring 900–1,000 mm (35–39 in). However, the practice remained in existence into the 1990s especially among the elderly and the more isolated rural populations. Thus, between Leh and eastern Central Asia there is a triple barrier – the Ladakh Range, Karakoram Range, and Kunlun. [25], This era is recorded in Arthur Neves The Tourist's Guide to Kashmir, Ladakh, and Skardo, first published in 1911. Rock carvings found in many parts of Ladakh indicate that the area has been inhabited from Neolithic times. Leh is at an altitude of 3,524 metres, and is connected via National Highway 1 to Srinagar in the southwest and to Manali in the south via th This famous … [105] The average annual population growth rate from 1981 to 2001 was 2.75% in Leh District and 2.83% in Kargil district. [113][114][115][116], The Ladakh Marathon is a high-altitude marathon held in Leh every year since 2012. These forces and People's Liberation Army forces from China have, since the 1962 Sino-Indian War, had frequent stand-offs along the Lakakh portion of the Line of Actual Control. Before 1993, students were taught in Urdu until they were 14, after which the medium of instruction shifted to English. He expanded the kingdom into Zangskar and Spiti. Central pool MBBS and BDS seats allocation for the year 2020-21, Central Pool MBBS and BDS seats allocation for the year 2020-21 reg. [106], Ladakhi food has much in common with Tibetan food, the most prominent foods being thukpa (noodle soup) and tsampa, known in Ladakhi as ngampe (roasted barley flour). The National Research Institute for Sowa-Rigpa in Leh is an institute for research into traditional medicine and a hospital providing traditional treatments. [117], A feature of Ladakhi society that distinguishes it from the rest of the state is the high status and relative emancipation enjoyed by women compared to other rural parts of India. Ladakh became an Union Territory on 31st  of October 2019. [36][37] His principal disciple, Sayyid Muhammad Nur Baksh also propagated Islam to Ladakhis and the Balti people rapidly converted to Islam. The advance continued. King Bhagan reunited and strengthened Ladakh and founded the Namgyal dynasty (Namgyal means "victorious" in several Tibetan languages). This is when the Shey Palace fell into ruins. The sport is conducted with strict etiquette, to the accompaniment of the music of surna and daman (shehnai and drum). Despite a defeat of Ladakh by the Mughals, who had already annexed Kashmir and Baltistan, Ladakh retained its independence. Gokhle called Twitter's mislabelling an unpardonable development. [52][page needed]. Order: COVID-19 Management-Guidelines/instructions-regarding. The bharal or blue sheep is the most abundant mountain ungulate in the Ladakh region, although it is not found in some parts of Zangskar and Sham areas. It is the highest among the Stok Range and the climb starts from Stok village. The Namgyals repelled most Central Asian raiders and temporarily extended the kingdom as far as Nepal. [62] Within the first year of the formation of Ladakh as separate union territory, its annual budget allocation has increased 4 times from ₹57 crore to ₹232 crore.[62]. Trans-Himalayan large herbivores: status, conservation, and niche relationships. The Mons are believed to be descendants of earlier Indian settlers in Ladakh, and traditionally worked as musicians, blacksmiths, and carpenters. The Dards of Dras, however, have converted to Islam and have been strongly influenced by their Kashmiri neighbours. Statue of Maitreya at Likir Monastery, Leh district, Between the 1380s and early 1510s, many Islamic missionaries propagated Islam and proselytised the Ladakhi people. Gielen, U. P. 1998. [55], In February 2019, Ladakh became a separate Revenue and Administrative Division within Jammu and Kashmir, having previously been part of the Kashmir Division. The headquarters of the wazarat was at Leh for six months of the year and at Skardu for six months. Most of the surplus barley that is produced is fermented into chang, an alcoholic beverage drunk especially on festive occasions. If you are planning to setup a private limited company in Jammu, Kashmir, UT Ladakh, here we have provided all the requirements laid by Registrar of companies (RoC) along with step by step process for registration of private limited company in Jammu, Kashmir, UT Ladakh including fees, capital requirements, documents required, requirement of minimum number of members and directors, … Historically, the region included the Baltistan (Baltiyul) valleys (now mostly in Pakistani administered part of Kashmir), the entire upper Indus Valley, the remote Zanskar, Lahaul and Spiti to the south, much of Ngari including the Rudok region and Guge in the east, Aksai Chin in the northeast, and the Nubra Valley to the north over Khardong La in the Ladakh Range. Most major historical and current towns – Shey, Leh, Basgo and Tingmosgang (but not Kargil), are close to the Indus River. [25][89], Indus river flowing in the Ladakh region is endowed with vast hydropower potential. India built the Srinagar-Leh Highway during this period, cutting the journey time between Srinagar and Leh from 16 days to two. The predominant language of the Buddhist-dominated district of Leh is Ladakhi, a Tibetan language. [86], Ladakh sends one member (MP) to the lower house of the Indian parliament the Lok Sabha. Held at a height of 11,500 to 17,618 feet (3,505 to 5,370 m), it is one of the world's highest marathons. ... the capital of Tibet. [124], University of Ladakh and Eliezer Joldan Memorial College, a government degree college, enables students to pursue higher education without having to leave Ladakh. [9][10] The eastern end, consisting of the uninhabited Aksai Chin plains, is claimed by the Indian Government as part of Ladakh, and has been under Chinese control since 1962. For centuries, the only medical system accessible to the people have been the amchi, traditional doctors following the Tibetan medical tradition. The villagers gather to celebrate the end of the harvest season. The sex ratio for Leh district declined from 1011 females per 1000 males in 1951 to 805 in 2001, while for Kargil district it declined from 970 to 901. There are two airstrips at Daulat Beg Oldie and Fukche for military transport. This order met with great resistance from the local people who feared that the children would be forced to convert to Christianity. Each district of Ladakh is administered by an autonomous district council, they are: The two autonomous district councils work with village panchayats to take decisions on economic development, healthcare, education, land use, taxation, and local governance which are further reviewed at the block headquarters in the presence of the chief executive councillor and executive councillors. Ladakh was claimed as part of Tibet by Phuntsok Wangyal, a Tibetan Communist leader. Ladakh is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and distinct culture. [78] There are also a few brown bears in the Suru Valley and the area around Dras. Ladakh is a Union Territory of India, founded on 31st of October 2019. [11][12] Until 2019, Ladakh was a region of the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. JAMMU, Jan 14: The Jammu & Kashmir Finance department Thursday issued formal orders for the apportionment of assets, rights, liabilities and posts of the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir between the union territories of J&K and Ladakh, respectively. [45] Kashmiri historians assert that the king converted to Islam in return for the assistance by Mughal Empire after this however Ladakhi chronicles do not mention such a thing. Recent flooding in the region (e.g., the 2010 floods) has been attributed to abnormal rain patterns and retreating glaciers, both of which have been found to be linked to global climate change. Stok Kangri is the most popular trekking point among all the peaks. The Siachen Glacier is in the eastern Karakoram Range in the Himalaya Mountains along the disputed India-Pakistan border. Its natural features consist mainly of high plains and deep valleys. In 1955 China began to build roads connecting Xinjiang and Tibet through the Aksai Chin area. As a division, Ladakh was granted its own Divisional Commissioner and Inspector General of Police. The school taught Tibetan, Urdu, English, Geography, Sciences, Nature study, Arithmetic, Geometry and Bible study. It's also one of the highest permanently inhabited towns in the world. In 1994 the Students' Educational and Cultural Movement of Ladakh (SECMOL) launched Operation New Hope (ONH), a campaign to provide "culturally appropriate and locally relevant education" and make government schools more functional and effective. It is located 204 km to the east of Srinagar and 234 km west of Leh to the east. [25] During the Balti invasion led by Raja Ali Sher Khan Anchan, many Buddhist temples and artefacts were damaged. (2010). When the legislative assembly called Praja Sabha was established in 1934, Ladakh was given two nominated seats in the assembly. Yang chanting, performed without metrical timing, is accompanied by resonant drums and low, sustained syllables. It is distributed on the Tibetan plateau and its marginal mountains encompassing a total area of 2.5 million km2 (0.97 million sq mi). The massifs to the north and east of the Nubra–Siachen line include the Apsarasas Group (highest point at 7,245 m or 23,770 ft) the Rimo Muztagh (highest point at 7,385 m or 24,229 ft) and the Teram Kangri Group (highest point at 7,464 m or 24,488 ft) together with Mamostong Kangri (7,526 m or 24,692 ft) and Singhi Kangri (7,202 m or 23,629 ft). Leh is the joint capital and largest town of the union territory of Ladakh in India. Issue of Passport to the residents of Union territory of J&K and Ladakh under Tatkaal Scheme- reg. [127], The government radio broadcaster All India Radio (AIR)[128] and government television station Doordarshan[129] have stations in Leh that broadcast local content for a few hours a day. The Tibetans were victorious and concluded a treaty with Ladakh then they retreated back to Lhasa in December 1684. Thiksey Gompa. Ladakh will be the second largest UT after it comes to force. The Namgyal family was given the jagir of Stok, which it nominally retains to this day. Fraternal polyandry and inheritance by primogeniture were common in Ladakh until the early 1940s when these were made illegal by the government of Jammu and Kashmir. Central Pool MBBS and BDS Seats allocation for the year 2020-21 reg. [28] Xuanzang's term of Ladakh is Mo-lo-so, which has been reconstructed by academics as *Malasa, *Marāsa, or *Mrāsa, which is believed to have been the original name of the region. [53][54] The stand-off involving the most troops was in September 2014 in the disputed Chumar region when 800 to 1,000 Indian troops and 1,500 Chinese troops came into close proximity to each other. [7][8] It is bordered by the Tibet Autonomous Region to the east, the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh to the south, both the Indian-administered union territory of Jammu and Kashmir and the Pakistan-administered Gilgit-Baltistan to the west, and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north. Natural vegetation mainly occurs along water courses and on high altitude areas that receive more snow and cooler summer temperatures. This school of traditional healing contains elements of Ayurveda and Chinese medicine, combined with the philosophy and cosmology of Tibetan Buddhism. Contemporary Ladakh borders Tibet to the east, the Lahaul and Spiti regions to the south, the Vale of Kashmir, Jammu and Baltiyul regions to the west, and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north. Ladakhi has several dialects, Ladakhi proper (also called Lehskat after the capital of Ladakh,Leh, where it is spoken); Shamskat, spoken to the northwest of Leh; Stotskat, spoken to the southeast in the Indus valley; and Nubra, spoken in the north. The 7th-century Buddhist traveller Xuanzangdescribes the region in his accounts. The Indian effort to retain control of Aksai Chin led to the Sino-Indian War of 1962, which India lost. Zhangzhung fell victim to Tibet's ambitions in c. 634 and disappeared for ever. The most popular sport in Ladakh is ice hockey, which is played only on natural ice generally mid-December through mid-February. [15] The Leh district contains the Indus, Shyok and Nubra river valleys. Hemis monastery, a leading centre of the Drukpa tradition of Buddhism, holds an annual masked dance festival, as do all major Ladakhi monasteries. The extreme limit of cultivation is at Korzok, on the Tso-moriri lake, at 4,600 m (15,100 ft), which has what are widely considered to be the highest fields in the world. [89], There are about 1,800 km (1,100 mi) of roads in Ladakh of which 800 km (500 mi) are surfaced. It is mixed in a large churn and known as gurgur cha, after the sound it makes when mixed. Zanskar Winter Sports and Youth Festival... Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology. Noorbakshia Islam is named after him and his followers are only found in Baltistan and Ladakh. The main source of water is the winter snowfall on the mountains. Ladakh /lə-ˈdɑːk/ is a region administered by India as a union territory, and constituting a part of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan, and China since 1947. Nyimagon's eldest son, Lhachen Palgyigon, is believed to have conquered the regions to the north, including Ladakh and Rutog. Tourism. Ladakh is the highest plateau in India with much of it being over 3,000 m (9,800 ft). The Indus River is the backbone of Ladakh. There are a handful of private news outlets. This event is known as the Tibet–Ladakh–Mughal war of 1679–1684. [17] It extends from the Himalayan to the Kunlun[63] Ranges and includes the upper Indus River valley. Ladakh or Ladvags, meaning ‘The Land of High Passes’, has a rich and diverse history. Although tourism employs only 4% of Ladakh's working population, it now accounts for 50% of the region's GNP. The main populated regions are the river valleys, but the mountain slopes also support the pastoral Changpa nomads. [80], Scant precipitation makes Ladakh a high-altitude desert with extremely scarce vegetation over most of its area. Around the 1st century, Ladakh was a part of the Kushan Empire. It is mostly found in Nubra, Changthang and Zangskar. The third road to Ladakh is the Nimmu–Padam–Darcha road, which is under construction. [d][64] The peaks in the Ladakh Range are at a medium altitude close to the Zoji-la (5,000–5,500 m or 16,400–18,000 ft) and increase toward southeast, culminating in the twin summits of Nun-Kun (7,000 m or 23,000 ft). Pakistani raiders from Gilgit had reached Ladakh and military operations were initiated to evict them. Leh, the capital of Ladakh is well connected by road as well as air. Ali Sher Khan took the king and his soldiers as captives. [25] Ladakh's earliest inhabitants consisted of a mixed Indo-Aryan population of Mons and Dards,[26] who find mention in the works of Herodotus,[c] and classical writers as well as the Indian Puranas. Bounded by two of the world's largest mountain ranges and surrounded by alpine desert, Leh's dry barren landscape is dotted with historic Buddhist monasteries making it an incredible sight to behold. 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